In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) is a set of procedures aimed at the infertility treatment. During IVF patient’s or donor’s eggs are fertilized by partner’s or donor’s sperm outside the human body in a lab. It can be done by using Intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) or Physiological Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection (PICSI). Embryo is transferred into the uterus via catheter after the embryo culture, which lasts up to 5-6 days (at the stage of blastocyst). The preferable number of embryos to transfer is one which is done in order to avoid multiple pregnancies. However, at Parens Fertility, this question is discussed with embryologists and IVF specialists.
Here are the most widespread reasons why IVF treatment with your oocytes would be the best option:
- you have been diagnosed with an unexplained infertility
- your fallopian tubes have been damaged or removed
- in case of ovulation disorders
- in case of endometriosis
- in case of uterine fibroids
- in case of low sperm count or male infertility
- in case of hereditary diseases which you do not want to pass to your future children
In order to develop more than one egg during the cycle you will need to medically stimulate your ovaries. The ovarian stimulation is the first stage of the IVF treatment that involves injections of hormones. The type of medication and dosage will be carefully prescribed by your doctor, who will control your stimulation progress every 3-4 days. You will regularly come for check-ups and ultrasounds while you are taking medicine for approximately 12 days. If you have no possibility to spend so much time in Ukraine we can arrange the stimulation process distantly. Therefore, you will need to do several ultrasounds and send them to us.
The next step will be egg retrieval. When the stimulation is over you will need to come to us for the egg collection. This surgical procedure is done under general anesthesia and takes up to 15 minutes – the doctor uses needle under the ultrasound monitoring to aspirate each possible follicle. After that you are having a rest for one-two hours and leave the clinic.
At the same day your partner needs to provide his sperm sample which will be followed by the fertilization using ICSI (Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection) or PICSI (Physiological Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection) procedures. In the first case, a single sperm is injected right into the egg, one for each egg. In the second case, sperm is placed into the dish with hyaluronic hydrogel which unites to biochemically active sperm. In this way, embryologist can select sperm not only visually but also check the quality. In 17 hours we will be able to see whether the egg has been fertilized.
When embryos are created they are left to grow for 5 days till the blastocyst stage. As a rule, we transfer one embryo, however, this question will be discussed with your embryologist who will give you all necessary recommendations.
The pregnancy test is done fourteen days after the embryo transfer in order to confirm pregnancy.
If you have any questions or would like to find out more information about this or any other type of treatment, please, fill out the form and we will contact you in the shortest terms. Our patient coordinators will be eager to provide you with all necessary information via email or Skype.