Alcohol and fertility

Alcohol and fertility

Alcohol addiction is one of the most common problems in the modern world. This problem becomes more and more widespread among underage, and the effect of the alcohol on the body that is still growing causes irreversible changes and impairs mental health. The scientists state that people who misuse alcohol more often suffer from various viral diseases because due to the impact of alcohol, the capability to resist diseases decreases.

Alcohol alters hearth rhythm, dilates blood vessels, impairs coordination and impacts the vision and blood sugar level, as well as the digestive system. Headaches, body dehydration, irreversible liver changes - are only a few impacts of the alcohol on the human body. Alcohol use affects person’s fertility. In this article, we will discuss this issue.

The effect of alcohol on endocrine profile

Both men and women have to remember that alcohol use induces the release of cortisol (stress hormone). Cortisol itself influences that person’s ability to conceive a child.

In women, cortisol influences the menstrual cycle, may cause the alterations, disruptions and lead to anovulation (the disorder characterized by the lack of ovulation meaning that woman can’t get pregnant in such a menstrual cycle, and it is necessary to visit a professional for further correction of the menstrual cycle and possibly for special ovulation stimulation if the woman plans to get pregnant).

In men, the cortisol released due to alcohol use leads to the decrease in male hormone - testosterone and elevates the level of female hormone - estrogen. Free testosterone turns into estrogen due to the action of ferments. Not only does it concern the use of beer that consists of compounds similar to female hormones. It concerns any alcohol type.

Does alcohol affect male fertility?

Generally, the use of alcohol leads to hypovitaminosis. Without the sufficient concentration of vitamins in the human body, in particular, vitamin B, phosphorus and zinc, it is impossible to expect good semen analysis results. The more alcohol does a man consume the poorest is his sperm quality. Semen analysis may detect the following diseases: asthenozoospermia, teratozoosperm, oligozoospermia.

The use of alcohol affects seminal fluid, and it has been proven that the alcohol concentration in the blood is equal to the alcohol concentration in the ejaculate.
Spermatozoa need around 2-3 months to mature, that is why if the father regularly consumed alcohol in 2-3 months before the conception, there is a risk of diseases and inborn abnormalities in the child.

Ethanol contributes to shrinking of testicles and the sperm channels narrow down. So semen analysis may show that the spermatozoa in the ejaculate is underdeveloped. It means that they may move but do not take part in fertilization. The situation is worse when such an underdeveloped spermatozoon manages to inseminate the egg. In this case, there is a high risk of giving birth to a child with abnormalities or losing the child.

Pregnancy and alcohol

The use of alcohol is harmful both on the early stages and during the whole period of pregnancy. Alcohol can easily penetrate any barriers and through the placenta and reach the child. Alcohol affects the child way more than the mother, because alcohol tends to concentrate in amniotic liquid, and it becomes a sort of reservoir.

When the mother consumes the alcohol, it leads to the delay in embryo development and insufficient nutrition, placenta dysfunction.

The children, who have been affected by the alcohol in utero, are very often born pre-term and with lowered body weight. They may present the delay in development, neurological disorders such as increased excitability, delay in mental development, difficulties with concentration, impaired speech development.

They may also present some congenital abnormalities, including cleft palate, septal heart defects, kidney abnormalities, vertebral fusions, ear abnormalities.

All the organs and body systems are formed in the first trimester, that is why in this period the fetus is the most vulnerable. In the second trimester, the use of alcohol usually leads to miscarriages and, in the third trimester, the delay in fetal development may occur, because this period is characterized by active child growth.

Female fertility and alcohol

Yes, alcohol can affect every cell of human body, so it definitely affects egg quality. Yes, alcohol can affect every cell of the human body, so it definitely affects egg quality.

At birth, the number of follicles for maturing eggs in a woman is around 50 000. During the woman’s reproductive period, only 400-500 eggs mature. When ethanol is absorbed in the blood, it destructs the DNA of eggs, and a part of them simply dies. So, there is a direct correlation between the alcohol consumption and natural follicular reserve of a woman.

But the even worse scenario is possible. If the egg with impaired DNA survives and is inseminated, there is a high risk of giving birth to a child with abnormalities. The Siamese twins are born in a result of impairment of the egg DNA.

Alcohol stimulates the production of secretory liquid in fallopian tubes that may cause a sort of obstruction of a tube. It means that the inseminated egg won’t be able to leave the tube and get into the uterine cavity and cause ectopic pregnancy.

The rules to follow before planning pregnancy

Before planning a pregnancy, the couples who use alcohol have to follow the following rules:

  • get rid of bad habits;
  • normalize nutrition, eat healthy, get all the vitamins and microelements, necessary for the body;
  • follow health lifestyle;
  • practice physical activity;
  • high-quality sleep;
  • in 3-4 months before conceiving the child, both man and woman should avoid alcohol.

Fertility after a miscarriage

Fertility after a miscarriage

Fertility is the ability of the female or male body to conceive and give birth to a child. Woman’s fertility...

Difference between primary and secondary infertility

Difference between primary and secondary infertility

It is only possible to diagnose infertility or sterility, in the case when at the beneficial circumstances, regular...

Signs of preterm labor

Signs of preterm labor

Preterm labor poses a threat to the baby’s life and health; though, it could be prevented, if you know about...

Secondary infertility

Secondary infertility

Infertility is the disorder of the reproductive system, when for a year or more, the attempts to get pregnant are...

Effect of smoking on fertility

Effect of smoking on fertility

Smoking is one of the most widespread bad habits. We have been told about the harmful effect of nicotine starting...

Intrauterine insemination

Intrauterine insemination

Artificial insemination is nothing unusual in the modern world. It has been developing the most active in the last...

Relationship between stress and infertility

Relationship between stress and infertility

From year to year, scientists find more proves confirming the interconnection between stress, depression-related...

Celebrities who resorted to surrogacy

Celebrities who resorted to surrogacy

Surrogacy is one of the assisted reproductive technologies. The surrogate mother carries the baby that isn’t...

Endometriosis and IVF

Endometriosis and IVF

Women who refer to a gynecologist because they can’t get conceive for a long time or who want to try IVF...

IVF success rates

IVF success rates

In vitro fertilization (IVF) is the most efficient and commonly applied type of ART. It is undoubtedly the most...

PCOS and IVF

PCOS and IVF

There are many reasons why woman’s eggs may be of poor quality or quantity. Most common causes are associated...

Pregnancy with multiples

Pregnancy with multiples

Couples, who plan on getting pregnant, often enquire about how common it is to give birth to two or three babies...

What is fertility calculator?

What is fertility calculator?

The advance of modern technologies presents a number of opportunities for women to take charge of their fertility....

Male infertility symptoms

Male infertility symptoms

The modern pace of life is extremely fast and stressful. We need to keep up with so many things and follow such...

Differences between fresh and vitrified eggs

Differences between fresh and vitrified eggs

Many patients who resort for assisted reproduction technologies, like IVF, surrogacy or PGD are often baffled with...

Does age matter for fertility?

Does age matter for fertility?

How does our age affect our fertility? Age is a crucial factor affecting male and female fertility. The modern...

Egg donation in Ukraine

Egg donation in Ukraine

Egg donation in Ukraine is a trending reproductive service that is becoming more and more popular. For some patients...

Motherhood after 40

Motherhood after 40

The modern world provides women with so many great opportunities but at the same time, it may cause a lot of disappointments....

Why do people choose pregnancy in Ukraine

Why do people choose pregnancy in Ukraine

The modern world presents us with so many great opportunities, the development of the state-of-art technologies...

What is medical tourism?

What is medical tourism?

 The globalization of the modern world presents us with a wide range of opportunities for work, recreation,...

Foods that increase fertility

Foods that increase fertility

The modern pace of life is extremely demanding: we need to work much, achieve much, and we have no right to fall...

Poor ovarian reserve and IVF

Poor ovarian reserve and IVF

Women who plan to get pregnant or have faced some difficulties with fertility usually refer to reproductive clinics...

Egg freezing

Egg freezing

Egg freezing, also known as the oocyte preservation is a method of woman’s fertility preservation that allows...

How to choose the perfect donor for you

How to choose the perfect donor for you

Here are some tips how to choose the perfect donor for you:   It goes without saying that your potential...

Agency’s clients need a professional legal support

Agency’s clients need a professional legal support

Anastasia Herman law office provides the full range of effective assistance within Surrogacy, Family and Fertility...

TOP 3 common myths about pregnancy

TOP 3 common myths about pregnancy

The mother’s beauty According to a myth, girls steal away their mothers’ beauty. Of course, the truth...

Getting ready for your first visit to a fertility clinic

Getting ready for your first visit to a fertility clinic

Take some time to think over and prepare the following information before your visit: List any medications,...