10 Common Questions About Egg Donation

10 Common Questions About Egg Donation

The process of egg donation raises a lot of questions both from recipients and from donors. This procedure is intended to help couples who experience significant problems with fertility to become parents with the help of IVF and donated eggs. For the egg donors, the donation is a way to earn extra money if they meet all medical requirements for the procedure.

Nevertheless, a lot of women interested in being egg donors often don’t know about these requirements. There are also a lot of questions rising about the eligibility for donation and the safety of the whole procedure. Usually, that’s a lot to unpack, so we’ll cover ten most frequently asked questions about egg donation.

Are women with PCOS eligible to become egg donors?

PCOS is a medical condition that doesn’t allow women to donate their eggs. With a few exceptions, of course: egg donations in these cases are allowed for closest siblings.

The main reason for this restriction is low conceivability — ovaries affected by PCOS can’t maintain stable periods. This syndrome disrupts the menstrual cycle, which subsequently requires an ovarian stimulation procedure that often has a high chance to cause ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome. This is the main reason why women with PCOS are not the best candidates for egg donation — risks for their health overlap potential profits.

What does the egg donation process look like?

The procedure can be broken down into 4 steps:

  1. Application and intake.
  2. Matching and screening.
  3. Medication cycle.
  4. Egg retrieval.

Firstly, there must be research conducted. It’s important to check off any medical contraindications for this process and decide if a candidate is eligible to become an egg donor. This takes a few interviews where a candidate can ask any question concerning the procedure as well as receive a lot of material from educational resources on this topic.

If this stage is successfully complete, an egg donor waits to be selected by intended parents. This phase is also designed to create a medication and retrieval schedule that will suit every participant of the process including doctors and intended parents.

As they wait, donors have to go through a screening process that may take up to ten weeks. This includes mental health checkup and a few laboratory tests: different hormone levels, antibodies tests, and drug test. The screening phase is also when the official mutual agreement is signed. The main point of this document is to make it clear to the donor that once the clinic receives her eggs, she loses every legal right to them.

After the signing, the medication cycle starts right at the start of the next menstrual period of the donor. The donor receives daily subcutaneous injections of hormones to stimulate fertility. This stage also includes a few morning screenings to check on the response to the received medication. By the end of this stage, an egg is ready for retrieval.

A lot of donors find this stage stressful due to many appointments in the fertility clinic. This is why it’s important for doctors and other staff to be clear on every manipulation performed — if there are any questions about any procedure, the clinic must have a full answer.

For the egg retrieval process, the donor receives twilight anaesthesia. With vaginal ultrasound visualization, a small needle is guided to the ovaries to retrieve the eggs. The whole procedure lasts for no more than 30 minutes, but a proper recovery period for the donor is required. During the recovery, the donor should rest and avoid sexual and intensive physical activities until her doctor can confirm that there is no risk of side effects or complications.

Can women with clinical depression become egg donors?

Antidepressant therapy is a major contraindication for hormone intake. Therefore, women who receive such therapy are not eligible to become donors. Also, the whole process of egg donation is long and may be exhausting for women with depression — this can cause new manifestations of depression.

A few studies have confirmed that depression can be a genetically transmitted condition. To exclude the risk of hereditary transmission of depression, women with this diagnosis cannot be qualified for egg donation.

Who can become an egg donor?

Requirements for egg donation are different in every country. The main demands are a good state of health and the absence of hereditary diseases and bad habits.

By Ukrainian law, fertility clinics must provide candidates with a full medical examination before the start of the treatment to ensure their eligibility to become egg donors. In general, there are a few strict requirements for candidates:

  • age of 18-30;
  • at least one own healthy child;
  • no hereditary diseases in the family;
  • non-smoker without a history of alcohol overuse;
  • stable periods;
  • BMI ranges from 21 to 28.

To find any hereditary diseases, a full genetic examination is performed, including karyotype and gene mutation tests. Also, a few laboratory tests have to be performed to exclude candidates with STDs and TORCH infections.

In short, only the healthiest candidates are eligible to become egg donors — the procedure is serious and no risks should be taken.

How much are egg donors getting paid?

Egg donation is a long and exhausting process that should be paid fairly. All the medical examinations, time spent for numerous screenings and waiting have to be compensated accordingly. The amount of said compensation varies depending on donation history, the ethnic diversity of the donor, and some other factors considered.

Usually, donors are paid up to 7000 EUR depending on the country. In Ukraine, the average compensation amount is 4000 EUR.

Are there any risks for health?

Although egg donation is a safe process, some short-term side effects may occur from taking medication and undergoing some procedures. Most of these side effects don’t affect the donor`s health in a serious way and are easily treated.

Some of the medication taken during the medication phase can cause light headaches, bloating, or fatigue. There is a minor risk of ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome, but this complication is easily treatable.

Numerous laboratory tests and procedures that involve injections can cause some discomfort and bruising but are certainly not dangerous.

The egg retrieval process, although is done under anaesthesia, may cause some physical discomfort. In rare cases, there were some complications registered: excessive bleeding and bowel discomfort after the manipulation.

Intake of the medication that stimulates fertility increases conceivability in women. That may cause unplanned pregnancy if the donor had sexual intercourse not long after the egg retrieval.

Can women on birth control become egg donors?

Birth control pills, rings, and patches are not contraindications for egg donation. The only exception here is any hormonal intrauterine device implanted — it should be taken out before the start of the procedure. Other non-hormonal means for birth control won’t affect donor’s eligibility and health.

Can an 18-year-old woman become an egg donor?

Starting age for women who are interested in becoming egg donors is different in every country. While in the US women under 21 can’t be candidates for this procedure, Ukrainian law counts people over 18 years old as adults, so 18-year-old women can be egg donors if other requirements are met.

However, usually at the age of 18 a lot of women don’t meet another major requirement for egg donation — having at least one own healthy child.

Are smokers eligible for egg donation?

Smoking directly affects fertility and overall health. Bodies of the women who smoke produce significantly less follicle-stimulating hormone than bodies of non-smokers. Therefore, active smokers can’t donate their eggs.

If a candidate smokes, the only option to become eligible for the process will be quitting smoking at least six months prior to the donation.

Is egg donation fully anonymous and confidential?

The processes of egg donation and IVF are completely anonymous in Ukraine. Both procedures are strictly regulated by the national laws — therefore, egg donors don’t have any access to information about the recipients.

Every bit of the information about lab results or treatments received during the egg donation is completely confidential — only the doctor has access to it exclusively in terms of providing the right medical treatment.

Intended parents can choose eggs from unknown donors as well as they have a right to learn general information about them — for example, their ethnicity. Our clinic informs both parties on the privacy rules and identity confidentiality terms.

However, DNA kits and genetic investigations are gaining more popularity nowadays. This factor is out of our control, so there is a chance that in the future the donor`s identity could be revealed after interpreting such test results.

Our clinic has legal assistance from one of the best Ukrainian law offices with a large experience in the field of surrogacy and fertility law. Every legal question will be answered, and full legal support from the start of the process and up until the child`s birth will be provided.

Surrogacy in Ukraine, legal aspects

Surrogacy in Ukraine, legal aspects

Infertility treatment by using the services of a surrogate mother is now widely applied in countries where surrogacy...

Should I freeze my eggs

Should I freeze my eggs

Egg freezing is the set of medical procedures aimed at the preservation of a woman`s fertility. It has already...

What Is Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis (PGD)

What Is Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis (PGD)

Modern reproductive technologies have evolved and progressed for the last decades which has given a chance for...

What are Surrogacy Contracts

What are Surrogacy Contracts

Surrogacy programs require different documents to be signed. This is done to make all the procedures legal and...

What is Gestational Surrogacy and How it Works

What is Gestational Surrogacy and How it Works

Gestational type of surrogacy is considered to be a relatively new method to treat infertility. The 1st baby was...

How Can I Become a Surrogate Mother

How Can I Become a Surrogate Mother

The number of couples who start looking at their surrogacy opportunities in Ukraine increases with every year due...

The Egg Donor Process: What to Expect

The Egg Donor Process: What to Expect

Becoming an egg donor is both a thrilling experience and big responsibility for many women. It’s a great...

How To Evaluate a Surrogacy Agency’s Success

How To Evaluate a Surrogacy Agency’s Success

The surrogacy process is a challenging and exciting journey for intended parents. This procedure requires a lot...

Fertility after a miscarriage

Fertility after a miscarriage

Fertility is the ability of the female or male body to conceive and give birth to a child. Woman’s fertility...

Difference between primary and secondary infertility

Difference between primary and secondary infertility

It is only possible to diagnose infertility or sterility, in the case when at the beneficial circumstances, regular...

Signs of preterm labor

Signs of preterm labor

Preterm labor poses a threat to the baby’s life and health; though, it could be prevented, if you know about...

Secondary infertility

Secondary infertility

Infertility is the disorder of the reproductive system, when for a year or more, the attempts to get pregnant are...

Effect of smoking on fertility

Effect of smoking on fertility

Smoking is one of the most widespread bad habits. We have been told about the harmful effect of nicotine starting...

Intrauterine insemination

Intrauterine insemination

Artificial insemination is nothing unusual in the modern world. It has been developing the most active in the last...

Alcohol and fertility

Alcohol and fertility

Alcohol addiction is one of the most common problems in the modern world. This problem becomes more and more widespread...

Relationship between stress and infertility

Relationship between stress and infertility

From year to year, scientists find more proves confirming the interconnection between stress, depression-related...

Celebrities who resorted to surrogacy

Celebrities who resorted to surrogacy

Surrogacy is one of the assisted reproductive technologies. The surrogate mother carries the baby that isn’t...

Endometriosis and IVF

Endometriosis and IVF

Women who refer to a gynecologist because they can’t get conceive for a long time or who want to try IVF...

IVF success rates

IVF success rates

In vitro fertilization (IVF) is the most efficient and commonly applied type of ART. It is undoubtedly the most...

PCOS and IVF

PCOS and IVF

There are many reasons why woman’s eggs may be of poor quality or quantity. Most common causes are associated...

Pregnancy with multiples

Pregnancy with multiples

Couples planning their parenthood with fertility clinic assistance often inquire about how high their chances are...

What is fertility calculator?

What is fertility calculator?

The advance of modern technologies presents a number of opportunities for women to take charge of their fertility....

Male infertility symptoms

Male infertility symptoms

The modern pace of life is extremely fast and stressful. We need to keep up with so many things and follow such...

Differences between fresh and vitrified eggs

Differences between fresh and vitrified eggs

Many patients who resort for assisted reproduction technologies, like IVF, surrogacy or PGD are often baffled with...

Does age matter for fertility?

Does age matter for fertility?

How does our age affect our fertility? Age is a crucial factor affecting male and female fertility. The modern...

Egg donation in Ukraine

Egg donation in Ukraine

Egg donation in Ukraine is a trending reproductive service that is becoming more and more popular. For some patients...

Motherhood after 40

Motherhood after 40

The modern world provides women with so many great opportunities but at the same time, it may cause a lot of disappointments....

Why do people choose pregnancy in Ukraine

Why do people choose pregnancy in Ukraine

The modern world presents us with so many great opportunities, the development of the state-of-art technologies...

What is medical tourism?

What is medical tourism?

 The globalization of the modern world presents us with a wide range of opportunities for work, recreation,...

Foods that increase fertility

Foods that increase fertility

The modern pace of life is extremely demanding: we need to work much, achieve much, and we have no right to fall...

Poor ovarian reserve and IVF

Poor ovarian reserve and IVF

Women who plan to get pregnant or have faced some difficulties with fertility usually refer to reproductive clinics...

Egg freezing

Egg freezing

Egg freezing, also known as the oocyte preservation is a method of woman’s fertility preservation that allows...

How to choose the perfect donor for you

How to choose the perfect donor for you

Here are some tips how to choose the perfect donor for you:   It goes without saying that your potential...

Agency’s clients need a professional legal support

Agency’s clients need a professional legal support

Anastasia Herman law office provides the full range of effective assistance within Surrogacy, Family and Fertility...

TOP 3 common myths about pregnancy

TOP 3 common myths about pregnancy

The mother’s beauty According to a myth, girls steal away their mothers’ beauty. Of course, the truth...

Getting ready for your first visit to a fertility clinic

Getting ready for your first visit to a fertility clinic

Take some time to think over and prepare the following information before your visit: List any medications,...

Contact US

Complete the form below to start your journey right now

RESERVE DONOR

Have any questions about the program?

We can provide you with all the recommendations in your particular case.

Book an appointment with your personal care coordinator or doctor.

Book now



Registrierung Weiterlesen